Pajamas or pyjamas, generally shortened to PJs, jimmies, jimjams, jimmyjams or jammies, can confer with quite a few related varieties of garments originating with the Indian subcontinent. Pajamas are unfastened-fitting clothes derived from the first garment and worn mainly for sleeping,[one] but sometimes also for lounging,[2] also by each sexes.[3] A lot more normally, pajamas may possibly seek advice from various clothes, for both of those daywear and nightwear, derived from traditional pajamas and involving variations of style and material.

The word pyjama [four] was borrowed c. 1800 within the Hindustani pāy-jāma (پاجامہ, पाजामा), alone borrowed from Persian pāy-jāmeh پايجامه lit. 'leg-garment'.[five][six] The initial pyjāmā are free, light-weight trousers equipped with drawstring waistbands worn by Muslims in India and adopted by Europeans for the duration of East India Corporation rule in India.[seven][eight]

The around the globe utilization of pajamas (the phrase as well as the garment) is the result of adoption by British colonists in India inside the 18th and 19th centuries, and also the British influence on the broader Western environment in the Victorian period. Pajamas were launched to England as "lounging attire" as early as the seventeenth century, then known as mogul's breeches (Beaumont and Fletcher) Nonetheless they shortly fell away from trend. The phrase pajama (as pai jamahs, Paee-jams and variants) is recorded in English use in the initial half of the nineteenth century. They didn't turn into a trend in Britain as well as the Western globe as sleeping attire for guys right up until the Victorian time period, from about 1870.[9]

Hobson-Jobson: A Glossary of Colloquial Anglo-Indian Text and Phrases (1886) summarizes the point out of utilization at the time (s.v. "pyjammas"):

This kind of garment is employed by a variety of individuals in India e.g. by women of assorted courses, by Sikh Guys, and many by Mohammedans of both equally sexes. It had been adopted in the Mohammedans by Europeans being an report of dishabille and of night apparel, which is synonymous with Lengthy Drawers, Shulwaurs, and Mogul-Breeches [...] It is possible that we English took the behavior similar to a fantastic several Other people within the Portuguese. Consequently Pyrard (c. 1610) states, in Talking of Goa Medical center: "Ils ont force calsons sans quoy ne couchent iamais les Portugais des Indes" [...] The term is currently Employed in London stores. A friend furnishes the next reminiscence: "The late Mr. B—, tailor in Jermyn Street, some on forty a long time back, in reply to an issue why pyjammas experienced ft sewn on to them (as was sometimes the situation with These furnished by London outfitters) answered: "I think, Sir, it really is due to White Ants."[10]


Regular pajamas consist of a jacket-and-trousers combination crafted from gentle cloth, like flannel or light-weight cotton.[11] The jacket aspect generally contains a placket front and zenske pidzame its sleeves don't have any cuffs.[12] Many individuals opt to rest or lounge in only the pajama pants, both with a t-shirt, or, for males, barechested. This is why, pajama pants for men and boys in many cases are sold as separates.

In colloquial speech, these regular pajamas tend to be identified as PJs, jim jams, or jammies.[13] In South Asia and South Africa, they are sometimes often called night fits.

Some pajamas element a drop seat (often known as a entice door or butt flap): a buttoned opening while in the seat, meant to allow the wearer to conveniently make use of a rest room. Drop seats have been quite common on pajamas made prior to the fifties, but during the early twenty-1st century They are really instead exceptional.

Modern pajamas are derived from classic pajamas. There are many variations in type which include short sleeve pajamas,[14] pajama bottoms[15] of various duration,[sixteen] or, occasionally, a single-piece pajamas,[seventeen] and pajamas incorporating several materials. Chiefly inside the US, extend-knit snooze clothing with rib-knit zenske pidzame trimmings are popular. Usually worn by youngsters, these garments typically have pullover tops (if two-piece) or have zippers down the fronts (if just one-piece), and could also be footed.

Although pajamas are often distinguished from non-bifurcated sleeping garments including nightgowns, while in the US, they have got in some cases bundled the latter as a leading. Babydoll pyjamas Possess a type of quick gown best in excess of shorts or limited trousers.[eighteen]

Pajamas may possibly nowadays seek advice from Gals's blend daywear, specifically in the US wherever they turned well known from the early twentieth century, consisting of small-sleeved or sleeveless blouses and light-weight trousers. Examples of these contain capri pajamas, Seaside pajamas, and hostess pajamas.[19]

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